Feb 17

Sun Parakeet (Aratinga solstitialis)

Sun Parakeet

[order] Psittaciformes | [family] Psittacidae | [latin] Aratinga solstitialis | [IT] Conuro del sole | [UK] Sun Parakeet | [FR] Conure soleil | [DE] Sonnensittich | [ES] Aratinga Sol | [NL] Zonparkiet | [SU]Sonprakiki

Monotypic species

Physical charateristics

Their body build is slender, and their feathers are bright, iridescent shades of orange, blue, yellow and green. Unlike some other species which have definite coloration patterns, the sun parakeets sometimes have a combination of these colors over almost any part of their bodies. Young sun parakeets tend to have feathers which are predominantly green, while older birds sport more of the yellow or reddish-orange. This change of feather coloring from green to the brighter oranges, golds and yellows is most noticeable on the back, abdomen and head of the bird as it matures. General plumage is yellow and green while the cheeks, forehead, abdomen and down to the lower back are tinged with bright fiery orange. The outer webs of the primary flight feathers are a deep blue while the primaries are bright green; the secondaries are also green. The upper side of the tail is colored an olive-green with blue tips; the under tail-coverts are green with a marked yellow tinge; the median and greater upper wing-coverts are green with yellow edging. All of these colors become brighter and more vivid as the bird matures, with some birds sporting almost totally yellow tones in their body color. The beak and feet are both black.

Listen to the sound of Sun Parakeet

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Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 30 cm size max.: 31 cm
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Found in Northeast Brazil in states of Roraima, northern Amazonas, Para and possibly also Amapa ; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana and extreme southeast Venezuela.


Tropical and subtropical grasslands and lightly timbered areas They occur principally in natural savannas, but have been found in seasonally inundated scrub forest along the banks of the Amazon River.


Breeding season possibly from December to March. These birds use cavities in palm trees as nesting sites, but the details of its breeding behavior in the wild are still unknown. In captivity clutch is usually 4 eggs incubated by the female. young fledge after about 8 weeks.

Feeding habits

Diet consists of fruit, seeds and berries, but poorly known. the Whiteeyed
Parakeet is known to forage both in the treetops and on the ground which is uncommon amongst Aratinga.

Video Sun Parakeet

copyright: Josep del Hoyo


This species has a large range, with an estimated global Extent of Occurrence of 130,000 km2. The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is not believed to approach the thresholds for the population size criterion of the IUCN Red List (i.e. less than 10,000 mature individuals in conjunction with appropriate decline rates and subpopulation qualifiers), even though the species is described as ‘uncommon’ in at least parts of its range (del Hoyo et al. 1997). Global population trends have not been quantified, but the species is not believed to approach the thresholds for the population decline criterion of the IUCN Red List (i.e. declining more than 30% in ten years or three generations). For these reasons, the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Sun Parakeet status Least Concern


Resident throughout range.

Distribution map

Sun Parakeet distribution range map


Title Notes on the distribution and natural history of the Sun Parakeet Aratinga solstitialis solstitialis.
Author(s): Leo Joseph
Abstract: Knowledge of Aratinga solstitialis is reviewed and..[more]..

download full text (pdf)

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